Kind, Karl Gotthelf

Kind, Karl Gotthelf
b. 6 June 1801 Linda, near Freiberg, Germany
d. 9 March 1873 Saarbrücken, Germany
German engineer, pioneer in deep drilling.
The son of an ore miner in Saxony, Kind was engaged in his father's profession for some years before he joined Glenck's drillings for salt at Stotternheim, Thuringia. There in 1835, after trying for five years, he self-reliantly put down a 340 m (1,100 ft) deep well; his success lay in his use of fish joints of a similar construction to those used shortly before by von Oeynhausen in Westphalia. In order to improve their operational possibilities in aquiferous wells, in 1842 he developed his own free-fall device between the rod and the drill, which enabled the chisel to reach the bottom of the hole without hindrance. His invention was patented in France. Four years later, at Mondorf, Luxembourg, he put down a 736 m (2,415 ft) deep borehole, the deepest in the world at that time.
Kind contributed further considerable improvements to deep drilling and was the first successfully to replace iron rods with wooden ones, on account of their buoyancy in water. The main reasons for his international reputation were his attempts to bore out shafts, which he carried out for the first time in the region of Forbach, France, in 1848. Three years later he was engaged in the Ruhr area by a Belgian-and English-financed mining company, later the Dahlbusch mining company in Gelsenkirchen, to drill a hole that was later enlarged to 4.4 m (14 1/2 ft) and made watertight by lining. Although he had already taken out a patent for boring and lining shafts in 1849 in Belgium, his wooden support did not qualify. It was the Belgian engineer Joseph Chaudron, in charge of the mining company, who overcame the difficulty of making the bottom of the borehole watertight. In 1854 they jointly founded a shaft-sinking company in Brussels which specialized in aquiferous formations and operated internationally.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur 1849.
1842, Anleitung zum Abteufen von Bohrlöchern, Luxembourg.
Further Reading
H.G.Conrad, "Carl Gotthelf Kind", Neue deutsche Biographie 10:613–14.
D.Hoffmann, 1959, 150 Jahre Tiefbohrungen in Deutschland, Vienna and Hamburg, pp. 20–5 (assesses his technological achievements).
T.Tecklenburg, 1914, Handbuch der Tiefbohrkunde, 2nd end, Vol. VI, Berlin, pp. 36–9 (provides a detailed description of his equipment).
J.Chaudron, 1862, "Über die nach dem Kindschen Erdbohrverfahren in Belgien ausgeführten Schachtbohrarbeiten", Berg-und Hüttenmännische Zeitung 21:402–4, (describes his contribution to making Kind's shafts watertight).

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kind [2] — Kind, 1) Johann Friedrich, Dichter u. Schriftsteller, geb. 4. März 1768 in Leipzig, gest. 25. Juni 1843 in Dresden, studierte in Leipzig Rechtswissenschaften, ließ sich 1793 als Rechtsanwalt in Dresden nieder, entsagte aber 1814 der juristischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kind (Begriffsklärung) — Kind bezeichnet: eine junge Person, siehe Kind einen direkten Nachkommen eines Lebewesens Kind (Einheit), äthiopische Längeneinheit Das Kind, belgischer Spielfilm aus dem Jahr 2005 KIND Hörgeräte, deutsches Unternehmen Flughafen Indianapolis,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kind — Das Kind beim (rechten) Namen nennen: eine Sache unverblümt bezeichnen, seine Meinung unbeschönigt äußern; ähnlich die französische Redensart ›appeler un chat un chat‹ (Boileau, Satiren I,52); ebenso italienisch ›chiamare la gatta gatta‹ (= die… …   Das Wörterbuch der Idiome

  • Liste der Biografien/Ki — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • History of Medicine —     History of Medicine     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► History of Medicine     The history of medical science, considered as a part of the general history of civilization, should logically begin in Mesopotamia, where tradition and philological… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • List of Individuals — see also about The following is a list of all individuals considered, with name, first name(s), years of birth and death, * portrait available and location of main professional activity. Names of persons contained in volume 1 are in italic and… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

  • Mondorf-Les-Bains — 49°30′N 6°17′E / 49.5, 6.283 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mondorf-les-Bains — (lb) Munneref (de) Bad Mondorf …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mondorf-les-bains — 49°30′N 6°17′E / 49.5, 6.283 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Munneref — Mondorf les Bains 49°30′N 6°17′E / 49.5, 6.283 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Munnerëf — Mondorf les Bains 49°30′N 6°17′E / 49.5, 6.283 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”